In our conditions, the most frequent is water erosion and soil erosion. That's why we introduce new practices that greatly reduce soil erosion.
The first one is so-called „strip till“ – processing of broad-line crops such as corn or soybeans, where we only process the narrow line on which the crop is sown and leaves between the rows or the stubble with post-harvest residues.
Another soil erosion-efficient technology is the technology of rape sowing, creating a deep groove right below the root that water can flow into the podium and vice versa. Between the rows, so-called tombs are created, which draws water into the groove beneath the plant to facilitate the tapping of water.
A large part of farmland is threatend by soil compaction caused either by a poor soil structure with a low organic matter, travelling by inappropriate technique or a combination of both.
Soil organic matter is a vital fertility value for us. We monitor it carefully and reintroduce crop production. Post-harvest remains are left in the field. The straw is taken from the field only for livestock use, for feeding or for bedding.
We use heavy machinery to perform field work, but we keep the principles to minimize the soil compaction. Except for fodder plant crops, we only use caterpillar tractors for field work, which spread their weight on a large area and thus exert considerably less ground pressure than conventional smaller wheeled tractors. We periodically check soil compaction. Where some deterioration occurs, we try to correct it with underspadding, deepsoil mellowing, but mainly by choosing the crops that help correct it.